Lighting equipment on construction sites

In the world of construction there are large-scale works that demand arduous work done both day and night. Having a correct and adequate luminosity is not only part of the safety standards and protection regulations, but also to provide a suitable environment to work.

Characteristics of lighting within a building

  • The light used must not generate reflection, heat or blindness.
  • The lighting should be 25 lux intensity.
  • The color of the lights should not alter or influence the signs of the place.
  • The placement of the lighting systems must not generate any type of risk.

Different lighting systems

Lighting equipment on construction sites

Lighting systems that are used more frequently in different constructions:

Mast lighting: It is like a kind of permanent flashlight. It is composed of several lamps that offer the appropriate light intensity.

Lighting towers: It offers a high-power luminosity that covers the entire enclosure.

Metal halide or nite lights: It is a type of portable lighting that has the advantage of being armed with the assembly of several metal halogen lamps.

Balloon lighting: It consists of one or more lamps that are suspended inside translucent balloons that contain helium or air.

Individual lamps: It is a lighting system that each worker has to have light where it is needed.


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Types of cracks exhibited by flexible paving

Paving is a structure that is placed between the foundation and the running surface, its purpose is to facilitate vehicular circulation quickly and safely. Among the types of pavement, we find the flexible pavement, which is a structure that flexes according to the loads that pass through the structure. They can present a series of failures produced by the passage of time or the large amount of load it has to bear.

Types of cracks exhibited by flexible paving

Failures presented by flexible pavements:

  • Edge cracks: Damages that originate parallel to the pavement. They are produced by weakening by the climate, among others.
  • Crocodile skin: These are interconnected fissures, which show that the pavement has become oxidized or hardened. It is caused by the fatigue of the asphalt layers.
  • Reflected cracks: They occur when an asphalt layer is placed on a rigid pavement plate.
  • Cracks in blocks: They divide the pavement into rectangular blocks. It is due to the action of the weather and the shrinkage of the asphalt.
  • Fatigue cracks: These irregular figures begin at the bottom of the asphalt layers where the tensile stresses are greater.
  • Longitudinal and transverse cracks: Their appearance indicates a tensile stress in some of its layers due to the fact that some material used in its construction has already lost its resistance.

Armando Iachini: Environmentally Friendly Construction Enterprises

Taking care of our environment is a global concern. That is why the majority of the countries have adopted measures to preserve our planet and to decrease the negative impact of human activities to our ecosystem.

There are international parameters such as the ISO rules 14000 that establish the regulations that enterprises must follow in order to obtain a certification related to their engagement with the environment.

Venezuela is one of the nations that have been environmentally-friendly. The Constitution of the Republic has a chapter dedicated to the protection of nature in which it set obligations for particulars and enterprises in order to guarantee the harmony with our environment.

Armando Iachini: Environmentally Friendly Construction Enterprises

Venezuelan enterprises have shown an increasing interest in participating in activities that promote environment protection. Forums, conferences, talks that are presented in universities, scientific institutes, public enterprises, and private enterprises. They make easier the organization plans relating to labor activities in each sector.

Construction enterprises know their role regarding saving our planet. Thus, they set strategies aimed at decreasing costs, honoring legal obligations, and making responsibility actions that save the environment. These actions include a more intelligent use or water and power as well as recycling.

Environmental engagement of the enterprises dedicated to the construction branch also is seen in the implementation of techniques that decrease environmental impact and the use of less contaminant material. Construcciones Yamaro is aware of the importance of our environment and has engaged itself in the updating of their technology, machines, and in the compliance of environmental rules in order to reduce pollution levels via the reduction of toxic gases.

Armando Iachini: Rational Use of Water in Constructions

Water distribution in our planet is variable and it depends on each region. There are zones in which water is found copiously is any of their states (solid, liquid or gas) while in other places it is scarce. Although there is water in two thirds of our planet, only 2,5% of the liquid reserve is spring water and 97,5% is salty water. Human activities require a vast availability of spring water and that is why is it important to promote a rational use of water.

It is impossible to talk about the development of a city without making reference to the evolution of the architecture and of the constructions. The quantity of inhabitants of a region is proportional to the edification of structures that promote solutions in this matter. The construction activities require the intervention of water as a base element to make the work. Specialists make reference to the need of having efficiency in the use of water and this protocol has to do with spring water saving, but how can we achieve that goal?

Armando Iachini: Rational Use of Water in Constructions

There are more construction enterprises that are concerned about the optimization of this vital liquid. The tendency of using rain water or recycled water in construction is more frequent; therefore, the is a decrease in spring water consumption and this is translated to a decrease of costs when it comes to basic services.

Any plan applied to make more efficient water consumption has to follow these paradigms:

  • Guaranteeing the correct work of water systems in order to avoid leaks and an ulterior water waste
  • Reducing water use via the implementation of technologies that allow the optimal distribution of the liquid taking into account the needs of the sector
  • Sharpening the stocking processes of water
  • Replacing potable water for rain water when it comes to construction mixtures

Water treatment is essential to decrease tap water consumption and to have a high quality environmental control. In Venezuela these are various alternatives to have potable water depending on the type of contamination. The cleaning processes can include precipitation, neutralization, chemical and biological oxidation, reduction, filtration, and osmosis, among others.

The enterprise social responsibility is part of the engagement these enterprises have regarding water care: the main resource is constructions.

Armando Iachini: New Electric Technologies in Construction Sites

In a world where energy consumption is more than the production capacity, there are various reasons that give more force to the lacks when it comes to providing electric service: climatic phenomena, slight investments in this area, and the lack of technologies in order to generate resources.

Engineers and architects are before an enormous challenge and an engagement with the environment. In most of the countries, the construction sector demands more than 50% of energy consumption globally. It is necessary to create alternative in other to sharpen the use of energy from the execution of works to the occupation of the building.

This new labor tendency is under a sustainable construction parameter that marks a milestone in the real state world. Reducing effectively the energetic requirements and incorporating technologies, introducing environmentally friendly materials and practices is the common pattern in those enterprises interested on contributing to the planet.

Armando Iachini: New Electric Technologies in Construction Sites

The new technologies represent the best ally in the construction sector. There is specially designed equipment that guarantees the rational use of electric energy. Using illumination in a defined schedule is an excellent option to save some money and to have more efficient energy consumption. The programing of systems based on movement sensors make easier the process because they detect the presence of workers in every space and they reduce the unnecessary use of energy.

The combination of natural and artificial light is the perfect formula to promote an efficient work. It is time to integrate new elements in constructions such as solar and Eolic power since they are the best options to avoid using electric energy.

It is necessary to take some measures that allows to have a harmonious work with our planet:

  • Using low-consumption illumination known as saving light bulbs
  • Renewing machinery and equipment that demand less energy
  • Avoid leaving chargers plugged and eliminating the “stand by” option from electrical gadgets.

The process of adaptation of the construction enterprises to these work formulas may vary regarding the economic possibilities and the intentions of the people in charge. These small steps will take us to a goal. The results will be greater as long as more companies join to these initiatives.

IMPORTANT! Yamaro: Values Towards The Earth

When it comes to business, values are a topic that matters a lot without a doubt! Values are important and taking them into account as part of your social responsibility should matter a lot too. Yamaro is a company that is aware of this and they promote CSR.

Consider that social responsibility is going to give you a lot more of improvement as an entrepreneur. Values are necessary in CSR. If a person does not have good values, then that person will hardly contribute with a social responsibility labor. In fact, it is not going to be something that everyone will do because it implies sacrifice and we already know that there are few people in the world who really cares about others with a really good intention.

IMPORTANT! Yamaro: Values Towards The Earth

It is going to be important to understand that values are going to be taking a major role in the world of entrepreneurship. Values should be present also because they are going to talk a lot about you as a human being. If that is not all, remember that even your company will be similar to you and your values. If you are a person who does not have good values, you will definitely be appealing for people with similar ideas. You do not want to be like that so that is why you should have good ones so you are appealing for people with good values.

You may not have taken this into account but when there are good values, there are more probabilities of getting good businesses. This is how it should be like. Consider that values are going to be important as for the rest of your life and if you have the possibilities of reinforcing them, remember that it will help you to grow your life with a better mindset!