Water distribution in our planet is variable and it depends on each region. There are zones in which water is found copiously is any of their states (solid, liquid or gas) while in other places it is scarce. Although there is water in two thirds of our planet, only 2,5% of the liquid reserve is spring water and 97,5% is salty water. Human activities require a vast availability of spring water and that is why is it important to promote a rational use of water.
It is impossible to talk about the development of a city without making reference to the evolution of the architecture and of the constructions. The quantity of inhabitants of a region is proportional to the edification of structures that promote solutions in this matter. The construction activities require the intervention of water as a base element to make the work. Specialists make reference to the need of having efficiency in the use of water and this protocol has to do with spring water saving, but how can we achieve that goal?
There are more construction enterprises that are concerned about the optimization of this vital liquid. The tendency of using rain water or recycled water in construction is more frequent; therefore, the is a decrease in spring water consumption and this is translated to a decrease of costs when it comes to basic services.
Any plan applied to make more efficient water consumption has to follow these paradigms:
- Guaranteeing the correct work of water systems in order to avoid leaks and an ulterior water waste
- Reducing water use via the implementation of technologies that allow the optimal distribution of the liquid taking into account the needs of the sector
- Sharpening the stocking processes of water
- Replacing potable water for rain water when it comes to construction mixtures
Water treatment is essential to decrease tap water consumption and to have a high quality environmental control. In Venezuela these are various alternatives to have potable water depending on the type of contamination. The cleaning processes can include precipitation, neutralization, chemical and biological oxidation, reduction, filtration, and osmosis, among others.
The enterprise social responsibility is part of the engagement these enterprises have regarding water care: the main resource is constructions.