Armando Iachini: Rational Use of Water in Constructions

Water distribution in our planet is variable and it depends on each region. There are zones in which water is found copiously is any of their states (solid, liquid or gas) while in other places it is scarce. Although there is water in two thirds of our planet, only 2,5% of the liquid reserve is spring water and 97,5% is salty water. Human activities require a vast availability of spring water and that is why is it important to promote a rational use of water.

It is impossible to talk about the development of a city without making reference to the evolution of the architecture and of the constructions. The quantity of inhabitants of a region is proportional to the edification of structures that promote solutions in this matter. The construction activities require the intervention of water as a base element to make the work. Specialists make reference to the need of having efficiency in the use of water and this protocol has to do with spring water saving, but how can we achieve that goal?

Armando Iachini: Rational Use of Water in Constructions

There are more construction enterprises that are concerned about the optimization of this vital liquid. The tendency of using rain water or recycled water in construction is more frequent; therefore, the is a decrease in spring water consumption and this is translated to a decrease of costs when it comes to basic services.

Any plan applied to make more efficient water consumption has to follow these paradigms:

  • Guaranteeing the correct work of water systems in order to avoid leaks and an ulterior water waste
  • Reducing water use via the implementation of technologies that allow the optimal distribution of the liquid taking into account the needs of the sector
  • Sharpening the stocking processes of water
  • Replacing potable water for rain water when it comes to construction mixtures

Water treatment is essential to decrease tap water consumption and to have a high quality environmental control. In Venezuela these are various alternatives to have potable water depending on the type of contamination. The cleaning processes can include precipitation, neutralization, chemical and biological oxidation, reduction, filtration, and osmosis, among others.

The enterprise social responsibility is part of the engagement these enterprises have regarding water care: the main resource is constructions.

Armando Iachini: New Electric Technologies in Construction Sites

In a world where energy consumption is more than the production capacity, there are various reasons that give more force to the lacks when it comes to providing electric service: climatic phenomena, slight investments in this area, and the lack of technologies in order to generate resources.

Engineers and architects are before an enormous challenge and an engagement with the environment. In most of the countries, the construction sector demands more than 50% of energy consumption globally. It is necessary to create alternative in other to sharpen the use of energy from the execution of works to the occupation of the building.

This new labor tendency is under a sustainable construction parameter that marks a milestone in the real state world. Reducing effectively the energetic requirements and incorporating technologies, introducing environmentally friendly materials and practices is the common pattern in those enterprises interested on contributing to the planet.

Armando Iachini: New Electric Technologies in Construction Sites

The new technologies represent the best ally in the construction sector. There is specially designed equipment that guarantees the rational use of electric energy. Using illumination in a defined schedule is an excellent option to save some money and to have more efficient energy consumption. The programing of systems based on movement sensors make easier the process because they detect the presence of workers in every space and they reduce the unnecessary use of energy.

The combination of natural and artificial light is the perfect formula to promote an efficient work. It is time to integrate new elements in constructions such as solar and Eolic power since they are the best options to avoid using electric energy.

It is necessary to take some measures that allows to have a harmonious work with our planet:

  • Using low-consumption illumination known as saving light bulbs
  • Renewing machinery and equipment that demand less energy
  • Avoid leaving chargers plugged and eliminating the “stand by” option from electrical gadgets.

The process of adaptation of the construction enterprises to these work formulas may vary regarding the economic possibilities and the intentions of the people in charge. These small steps will take us to a goal. The results will be greater as long as more companies join to these initiatives.

The Meaning of Safety for Construcciones Yamaro and Suggestions

It is important to distinguish that every work and activity in the construction sector has its risks, however, for Construcciones Yamaro all these risks can be handled and avoided in a right way in order to abstain from any health risk.

Construcciones Yamaro carries out different activities in the construction sector in Venezuela. Because of its great experience in the field, the company has adapted industrial safety measures to protect and ensure the welfare of its workers in each one of the rooms, spaces and areas of any construction work.

The Meaning of Safety for Construcciones Yamaro and Suggestions
Construcciones Yamaro and safety

In compliance with the Organic Law on Prevention, Conditions and Working Environment (Lopcymat in Spanish), Construcciones Yamaro is committed with the security of each of its workers, always considering construction activities, installation, maintenance or repair work carried out in heights, with risks on free fall and serious injury. The company evaluates the following aspects:

o    Dangerous conditions

o    Making unsafe maneuvers

o    Negligence

Today, Constucciones Yamaro provides information about safety helmets, which are vital for construction companies. Some of information is:

Head injuries

This is one of the most common accidents that seek to avoid the use of industrial safety helmet. High density polycarbonate, synthetic fiber and high density polyethylene are some of the materials used for its implementation, noting that serve primarily to prevent mechanical shock, electrical hazards and even to protect the user from high temperatures in this part of the body.

The frame and the headgear are the main elements of the helmet. The first subdivided into cap (which gives the outer shape), visor (prolongation of the cap) and wing (edge surrounding the cap). The harnesses’ function is to maintain the fixed tool in the head and be able to absorb the kinetic energy on impact that can cause damage to the worker. This is composed of band contour of the head, neck and chin strap band, which serves to fit under the chin.

The Meaning of Safety for Construcciones Yamaro and Suggestions
Importance of the use of a helmet

Some recommendations that Construcciones Yamaro can give to the rest of the construction companies about the optimal choice of the helmet are:

  • Do not weigh more than 400 grams, the idea is to make it as light as possible.
  • The frame must have holes for ventilation and should be light in color so that thermal comfort as pleasant as possible.
  • The harness should be flexible and permeable to liquids. You should not irritate the user in the area.
The Meaning of Safety for Construcciones Yamaro and Suggestions
Informing the worker about risks

Construcciones Yamaro can be sure that much can be achieved in the prevention of accidents if strict safety regulations for work on heights are considered. Some aspects to be considered are:

  • Report any defects, damage, misuse or lack of equipment or protective devices.
  • If a safety device is removed, it must be replaced by an alternative one that does not decrease the level of security.
  • Evaluate work surfaces that are not defective, slippery, unstable, disorderly, unmarked or deprived of secure access.
  • Openly and responsibly report the accompanying dangers that the worker will be exposed to: power, sharp edges, moving equipment, confined spaces or handling of hazardous substances.

What to Consider in Each Construction Environment

The protection sense. It is important to distinguish that every work and activity in the construction sector has its risks, however, for Construcciones Yamaro all these risks can be handle and avoided in a right way in order to abstain from any health risk.

Different aspects regarding industry safe and activities in the construction sector may lead to the most common primary risks, to which workers are exposed, and even supervisors may be victims of those risks if the necessary measures are not taken. Construcciones Yamaro can be sure that many things can be achieved in the prevention of accidents if strict safety regulations during a construction work are considered.

What to Consider in Each Construction Environment
Safety sense

Measures to be taken. Construcciones Yamaro carries out different activities in the construction sector in Venezuela. Because of its great experience in the field, the company has adapted industrial safety measures to protect and ensure the welfare of its workers in each one of the rooms, spaces and areas of any construction work.

Before reviewing the measures to be taken in each workplace, it is very important to remember the significance of taking care of the general preventive security measures. Even though these seem simple and obvious, we must insist on their compliance.

All those details, measures and considerations are taken into account in the different work environments; some of them can be:

For Cold Environments

What to Consider in Each Construction Environment
Safety campaigns

Cold environments, whether internal or external, may increase the risk of work disability and disease of the worker. Construcciones Yamaro recommends:

  • To use proper cold and activity protective clothing. It is also important to consider special clothing in case of rain.
  • To provide shelter areas and heat supplies for the worker.
  • To increase metabolism.
  • To avoid prolonged exposure in these environments.
  • To provide supplies of hot drinks.
  • To adapt labor practices.

For cases of Hot Environments

Contrary to the previous environment, Construcciones Yamaro suggests:

  • Using breathable clothing.
  • Considering having covered areas (shaded).
  • Reducing metabolism.
  • Avoiding prolonged exposure in these environments.
  • Providing water supplies.

For cases of Demolition and earthworks

What to Consider in Each Construction Environment
Measures to be taken

Demolition is one of the most dangerous construction activities. In addition to the physical, chemical and biological hazards, these works can cause hygiene hazards that not only compromise the worker’s life, but also can damage the surrounding communities. For these cases, Construcciones Yamaro recommends:

  • To insist on full and proper use of personal protective equipment.
  • To minimize uneven terrain.
  • To avoid charges after being subjected to vibrations.

Finally, it is important to consider the more than 40 years of experience of Construcciones Yamaro. Through these years, the company has been raising important major works for the country and the company got ahead, being an example of management and entrepreneurship. This company also has great interest and compromise with its workers, employees and the Venezuelan society. Terms related to safety and environment are some of the most important aspects considered in every work Construcciones Yamaro does since its beginning.

Armando Iachini: Construcciones Yamaro: The Construction Industry & the Environment

Armando Iachini: 	Construcciones Yamaro: The Construction Industry & the Environment
Environmental Impact

As many can imagine, construction of buildings and infrastructure affects the environment in two main ways: by consuming resources and by creating pollutants and wastes. The construction industry contributes to 23 percent of air pollution, 50 percent of climate change gases, 40 percent of drinking water pollution, and another 50 percent of landfill wastes. It is important then that construction companies focus more on minimizing waste production, maximizing the use of recycling, and creating sustainable buildings.

Factors that have impact on the environment

Armando Iachini: 	Construcciones Yamaro: The Construction Industry & the Environment
Health Risks

Here are two major facts to know about the impact of the construction industry on the environment:

  1. Global warming: according to some studies, average surface temperature of the world increased by 0.6 °C during the last hundred years. A majority of climate scientists believe that the increase in global surface temperature has been mainly caused by an increase in the concentration of certain trace greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide. The construction industry can be held accountable for this to a large extent.
  2. Pollution: the construction industry produces pollutants in many forms and during different phases of construction. Some wastes and pollutants the construction industry produces include toxic elements, and carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, insulin, electric wiring, rubble, dredging materials, and asbestos. Studies say that in the case of America’s domestic and commercial buildings, the latest contribute to around 38.9 percent of the country’s total carbon dioxide emissions, including 18 percent from commercial buildings and 20.8 percent from residential buildings.

One way to reduce these wastes is by establishing a proper system for recycling and reuse. In addition, sustainable construction would be another effective way to save energy and resources.

Construcciones Yamaro and the environment

Armando Iachini: 	Construcciones Yamaro: The Construction Industry & the Environment
Construcciones Yamaro Minimizes Environmental Impact

Construcciones Yamaro has over 40 years of raising important major works for the country and, unlike other companies, the company got ahead, being an example of management and entrepreneurship. This company also has great interest and compromise with its workers, employees and the Venezuelan society. Safety and environment are two important aspect considered in every work Construcciones Yamaro does.

Construcciones Yamaro C.A. is a company aware of the environmental impact of the construction works and knows how to minimize it at a maximum point. There are more sustainable materials than others in the construction sector. For example, wood is one of them because of their characteristic of reuse, recycling and renewal. A very good characteristic of this material is that once it is used it can become biomass or it can be used to build agglomerate.

Meanwhile, stone has important environmental impact because of the way it is extracted. This process can effect and modify the environment. When water is used in these works, there are huge possibilities to contaminate landfills, which are important natural resources. However, the advantage of this material is its long life in the works it is used.

As for cement, which is other traditional construction material, the company uses a lot of energy processes in order to manufacture it, besides having health risks in its production. For those who wonder about the concrete, it is important to know that this material have a high environmental impact since it lefts important toxic waste, although rapid setting that do not produce these substances have been created.

Armando Iachini: SCE: the Interest in Safety and Environment

SCE is a full service environmental construction company dedicated to serving its client’s environmental remediation, waste management, and industrial services needs both Nationally and Internationally.  SCE offers a complete range of cost-effective services specializing in pipeline construction, asbestos abatement, site work, waste management, emergency response, erosion & sediment control, demolition, remediation, and lagoon / pit construction / closure.

Armando Iachini: SCE: the Interest in Safety and Environment
Demolition Projects

The company has a dual mission: to preserve and protect the environment by helping clients make positive, lasting and substantial improvements in their environmental management practices in the most economically sound way; and to build SCE Environmental Group as a great institution – one that attracts, develops, motivates and retains exceptional people.

How about safety?

Safety is a value that is fundamental for the company. SCE has earned an industry-leading record of achieving zero lost-time incidents on projects worldwide. Year after year, their zero accidents philosophy helps put their safety performance right at the top of the industry.

As we tell before, SCE offers comprehensive on-site services for industrial cleaning, decontamination, oil & gas services, site remediation, demolition, transportation & disposal and emergency response, meeting the highest safety standards in the industry today.

Armando Iachini: SCE: the Interest in Safety and Environment
Remediation system installation project

The hard work of the company is proven in many areas. See some bellow:

  • On-site closures (lagoon, pond, site): SCE Environmental Group’s dredging technologies vary from project to project due to the many different types of sludges and sediments. From sludge lagoons to rivers or canals with contaminated sediments, the company can provide the proper dredging service to meet the desired result. Hydraulic dredging as well as Clam Shell dredging have been successfully demonstrated on a variety of projects.
  • In situ soil/groundwater treatment system installation: the SCE personnel are among the most knowledgeable, experienced professionals in the industry. Highly trained specialists that self-perform such tasks as shed construction, pipe fitting, remediation system installation, waste transportation & disposal, concrete / asphalt installation, fence installation and sheet piling ensure your project’s success. SCE proudly boasts an impeccable record of “Zero” lost workdays and “Zero” accidents in the past five years. Additionally, all SCE personnel are OSHA 40-Hour trained and maintain current medical monitoring certificates as required by OSHA 1910.120. All SCE crews are LPS trained and hold numerous certifications in various trades and skills.
  • Proprietary Lead Stabilization Technology
  • Chemical/mixed waste remediation
  • Pipeline Construction (HDPE, Ductile, Steel)
  • Transportation & Disposal coordination
  • Fixation and stabilization (in situ and ex situ)
  • Excavating/removing contaminated soils, wastes, sediments, buried drums
  • Subsurface recovery systems(wells, french and horizontal drains, gas collection systems)
  • Crime Scene Cleanup (biohazard)
  • PCB Transformer Services: SCE Environmental Group maintains a large and diverse fleet of Hydroblasting equipment designed to safely and efficiently remove fouling and deposits that routinely build up in industrial process equipment. SCE uses this equipment to clean deposits from exchangers, towers and vessels, lines and sewers, and contaminated surfaces. Additionally, water and aggregate are combined to Hydro-cut steel, concrete, and refractory. In many cases, automated tooling is combined with the Hydroblasting unit to enhance cleaning efficiency and craft productivity. In-house manufacturing facilities are available to design and develop new cleaning accessories.